With the post-Civil War introduction of the purse-seine, Maine's mackerel fisher
With the post-Civil War introduction of the purse-seine, Maine's mackerel fishery saw hundreds of islanders working in the boom-or-bust fishery, which was once called "perhaps the most important fishery in the world." Mackerel had a low culinary profile but was a common food of the immigrant and urban masses, and large markets developed for salt mackerel, including in Jamaica. With details on the history, techniques, and economics of the mackerel fishery and the elegant and responsive mackerel schooners used to pursue the fish. By 1893, the southern New England fishery had declined and was temporarily suspended, never to regain its former prominence.
Neal, Ben, "With the post-Civil War introduction of the purse-seine, Maine's mackerel fisher" (2006). Maine News Index - Island Journal. 371.
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